You want to be a Python developer but aren't sure where to begin?
It can be overwhelming to browse through Python developer jobs.
The job listings list requirements for a variety of Python frameworks, popular Python libraries, data analysis, data visualization, machine learning algorithms, and other data-related functions.
It can be confusing to understand what skills actually must have to begin a career as a Python developer.
Because Python is used in many industries and on a multitude of projects in web, data science, and software engineering, there are no two Python developers jobs alike.
If you're new to Python programming you might be wondering:
- What Python skills should you learn?
- How can I choose which area of Python development to focus on?
- What are the best places to start learning the skills that I need?
This sounds familiar?
This guide will help you to find the best learning path for your goals.
We'll be discussing different Python developer specializations, and the skills that you will need to get your first Python tech job.
You will also learn how to acquire those skills and begin your journey towards becoming a Python developer.
What does it mean to be a Python developer?
You may have a first question if you're new to Python and programming.
What exactly is a Python developer?
A Python programmer uses Python to design, create, and manage various programs and projects.
Python developers often work in teams with multiple designers and developers.
There are many tech job titles which use the Python programming language.
- Web developer
- Software engineer
- Back-end developer
- Data analyst
- Data scientist
- Machine learning engineer
- Artificial intelligence engineer
- And many other things
Dedicated Python developers have a better understanding of the language, and are able to tackle more difficult tasks.
A dedicated Python developer is able to use Python to solve problems and provide valuable insights in areas such as:
- Data collection and creation of databases
- Science and data analysis
- Machine learning algorithms
- Artificial intelligence
- Web development
- Automation and scripting
To become a Python developer, it is best to learn one first. Choose the most fascinating area.
This will allow you to learn the precise skills required for a job as a Python developer in a field that you truly enjoy.
You can gain more confidence and experience in your skills by learning new fields.
While Python developers can work in many industries and areas, all of them need to master the Python programming language. Let's take a look at this next.
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Python: What is it?
What is Python programming language?
What makes it different from other programming languages?
Most importantly, is Python easy to learn.
Python is one of the most popular programming languages in the world.
The TIOBE Index ranks Python #1, with a growing popularity and positive trend.
Python is an easy-to-learn programming language. It is very similar to English so it is easy to learn.
As I said, Python can be used for many different projects in a variety of industries. Python, in other words is a multipurpose programming language.
After mastering Python, you have the option to choose from a number of specializations. Python is a popular language because of its high demand in many areas.
You will need to have some practical experience in order to transition between the two languages before you can apply for a job. You don't need to learn a new programming language.
Companies can use Python to build their websites, code their own software and analyze big data. This helps reduce time and improve the development process for different teams.
Python developer job titles
You will see the most popular Python job titles when you look through job postings: "Python Developer", and "Python Engineer".
You may also be interested in other positions that require an advanced understanding of Python such as:
- Web Developer Works with web designers, UX/UI designers and graphic designers to design, build and improve web apps. Python web developers handle server-side development (or Back-end). This means that they manage the programmatic aspects of a web-based project while web designers create the visual elements that the user interacts with (the Front-end).
- Software Engineer:
Writes, tests, deploys, and plans code and programs. They ensure that their programs work smoothly, maintain them, update them frequently, fix bugs and maintain their code. Software engineers can be found in almost every industry.
- Data Analyst:
Analyzes and interprets data in order to generate actionable business insights. Data analysts analyze large quantities of data and draw conclusions. They then visualize and communicate the results to their organizations.
- Data Scientist:
A deep understanding of the industry and business. Combines skills in data analysis, math, statistics, and data science to identify data-driven business opportunities.
- Machine-Learning Engineer:
Machine learning (ML), is a subfield of data science, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning. Machine learning engineers use statistical analysis to create useful machine learning algorithms.
Common Python developer job responsibilities
What are the job titles for Python developers?
A quick overview of common responsibilities and duties for Python developers:
- Writing scalable, efficient code
- Communication and coordination with clients and internal teams; learning about their requirements and offering technical expertise and recommendations
- Program testing and debugging
- Implementing security solutions
- Developing data protection measures
- Evaluation of past feature update results
- Enhancing the functionality of existing systems
- Prioritizing and assessing feature requests
Your responsibilities will vary depending on which industry you are in and which employer you choose.
Your specific duties will depend on whether or not you are a junior Python programmer or have more experience.
Python developer salary: How much Python developers make
You now know the job titles and responsibilities that Python developers have.
What does a Python developer earn?
It is important to know whether Python developers are in high demand, and what you could make.
In the United States , the average salary for a Python developer would be $107896. Indeed.com currently has 69,510 Python developer job openings.
Your level of experience will determine your salary. Your earnings will also depend on where you work.
According To Indeed you can expect an higher-than-average salary to California (+11%), Massachusetts (+9%), or New York (+10%)
These are the highest-paid cities in America for Python developers:
- San Jose
- Los Angeles
- San Diego
What is the best career option for Python developers?
It's evident that Python developers are in high demand, judging by the sheer number of available positions.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the overall trend in computer and IT occupations will be to grow 13% between 2020 and 2030. This is faster than the average growth for all occupations (8%).
Here are growth projections for other relevant fields.
- 13% Growth for Web Developers and Digital Designers from 2020 to 2030
- Software developers: 22% between 2020 and 2030
- Database administrators and architects: 8 % from 2020 to 2030
Therefore, the majority of fields that are relevant to Python developers should grow at least as fast as or even faster than all other occupations.
Overall, Python developers are highly in demand. With a positive trend in employment opportunities across multiple specializations and Python development remaining a highly lucrative career option, it will also remain so.
Python allows for a lot of flexibility on the job market. There are many opportunities for Python developers in a range of industries and locations.
Python developer skills
You now know what a Python programmer does, the responsibilities it entails and how much they make.
Let's now look at the essential skills that you will need to begin a career as Python developer.
You will need to master the Python programming language and fundamental concepts.
It's important to examine what companies want. These are the two sources I used to gather the following insights:
- Listings, descriptions, and requirements for job listings
- High-profile, large-scale tech companies use technologies
This will help you to understand the real-world skills that you need to be a Python developer.
Python developer job descriptions
Let's take a look at the skills employers want when they hire Python developers.
This is what I did to analyze the part.
- Source: Indeed.com
- Level of experience: Job listings for entry-level and mid-level positions
Remember that you don't have to be a Python developer expert to get your first job. There are many skills that job advertisements list, and it helps to have them all. Even if you don't have all the skills, you can still get hired.
Take these requirements with a grain, and don't let them discourage you even though the list seems overwhelming.
Few applicants meet all requirements, and the companies don't expect it.
Job #1: Python software developer/engineer
Job #2: Python web developer
This job listing for a entry-level Python developer job outlines the basic technologies and skills that you need to have in order to any Python Web Developer job.
- Programming in Python
- Django framework
Job #3: Python data analyst
Data science and data engineering skills are required for this next job as a data analyst. This includes data visualization using D3.js and descriptive statistics. You must also have 12 months experience in cleaning, coding and analysing complex data files in Python or SQL.
The job posting for data and analytics associate requires knowledge in data wrangling and analysis using tools such as PowerBI, Tableau and Alteryx. Excel proficiency is required. Experience in SQL is an advantage.
You will find soft skills in most Python developer job listings.
- Attention to detail
- Communication skills
- Problem solving skills
- Time management and organization skills
- Team spirit
- Ability to work in a fast-paced, time-sensitive environment and within deadline constraints
High-profile tech companies
It's a smart idea to narrow your focus because the requirements and job listings for Python developers are so varied.
A dream employer is a great way to determine what skills you should learn and which ones to master. Perhaps you dream of working at Google, Meta or Netflix.
You can make a list of companies that you are interested in working with and then check their technology stacks at stackshare.io.
This is a quick overview of some popular tech companies and their tech stacks, in addition to Python:
- Dropbox: MySQL, Amazon S3
- Google: C++ and Java, Golang. LevelDB. React.
- Lyft - Flask - PHP, Java. NGINX. MongoDB. Golang. C++. Amazon S3. React. HTML, Bootstrap. AngularJS
- Netflix: Flask, Java, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Amazon S3,
- Pinterest: Django, Java, NGINX, MySQL, Golang, React, Amazon S3
- Shopify: MySQL, Ruby Rails, Golang and React
- Spotify: Java, NGINX, PostgreSQL, Bootstrap, Amazon S3
- Uber: PostgreSQL, MySQL, MongoDB, Java, Golang, Swift, Objective-C
It's a great idea to begin with the end in mind when learning how to code.
What company would you choose to work for?
Once you have a good idea of the employer you want, you can learn what technologies they need in order to get your first job as a tech worker.